Reinhard PUMMER


Reinhard PUMMER
Emeritus Professor of Religious Studies

PhD, University of Vienna

Room: DMS 10101
Office: 613-565-6198
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Reinhard Pummer


Reinhard Pummer’s research interests since his doctoral studies have been in the field of History of Religions, including the major religions of the world as well as the methods and history of the discipline. For many years now he has focused on a sister religion of Judaism, that is, Samaritanism. Like Christianity, Samaritanism as it has existed for the last two thousand years developed out of the matrix of the biblical tradition and became an independent religion. Today it has approximately eight hundred and sixty adherents who live on Mount Gerizim in Palestine and in Holon, a suburb of Tel Aviv in Israel.

Reinhard Pummer has published on the formative period of Samaritanism, but also on the present day Samaritans. Among his publications are a pictorial documentation of ancient and modern Samaritan beliefs and practices in the series ‘Iconography of Religions’; an edition of Samaritan marriage contracts; a bibliography of Samaritan studies; a monograph on the Samaritans in early Christian writings; a monograph of the Samaritans in Flavius Josephus; and a comprehensive book on the Samaritan tradition, entitled "The Samaritans: A Profile". 

Courses taught

  • SRS2112 The Religions of the World I
  • SRS2113 The Religions of the World II
  • SRS3314 Judaism  
  • SRS3315 Islam
  • SRS5902 Sacred Scriptures 
  • SRS4202 The Scientific Study of Religions

Selected publications


The Samaritans: A Profile. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2016.

The book received from the American Schools of Oriental Research the Nancy Lapp Popular Book Award presented to the author for a book that offers a new synthesis of archaeological or textual evidence intended to reach an audience of scholars as well as students and the broader public. 

The Samaritans in Flavius Josephus. Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism, 129. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009. XVIII+356 pp.

A Bibliography of the Samaritans.With Alan David Crown. Third Edition: Revised, Expanded, and Annotated. ATLA Bibliography Series, 51. Lanham, MD.: Scarecrow Press, 2005.

Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of the Société d’ Études Samaritaines, Helsinki, August 1–4, 2000: Studies in Memory of Ferdinand Dexinger, ed. Haseeb Shehadeh and Habib Tawa with the collaboration of Reinhard Pummer. Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 2005.

Early Christian Authors on Samaritans and Samaritanism: Texts, Translations and Commentary. Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism, 92. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2002.

Samaritan Marriage Contracts and Deeds of Divorce. Volume II. In collaboration with Abraham Tal. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1997.

Samaritan Marriage Contracts and Deeds of Divorce. Volume I. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1993.

A Companion to Samaritan Studies. Editor and contributor, with A.D. Crown and A. Tal. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1993. 

Die Samaritaner. Wege der Forschung, 604. Ed., with F. Dexinger. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1992.

The Samaritans. Iconography of Religions, XXIII, 5. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987.


Chapters in Books 

“Synagogues – Samaritan and Jewish: A New Look at Their Differentiating Characteristics,” iThe Samaritans in Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Perspectives (ed. Jan Dušek; Studia Judaica 110, Studia Samaritana 11; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018), 51–74. 

“An Update of Moses Gasters Chain of Samaritan High Priests,” iThe Bible, Qumran, and the Samaritans (ed. Magnar Kartveit and Gary Knoppers; Studia Judaica 104, Studia Samamaritana 10; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018), 58–80. 

“Samaritan Studies – Recent Research Results,” iThe Bible, Qumran, and the Samaritans (ed. Magnar Kartveit and Gary KnoppersStudia Judaica 104, Studia Samaritana 10; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018), 151–71. 

Alexander und die Samaritaner nach Josephus und nach samaritanischen Quellen, in Die Samaritaner und die Bibel / The Samaritans and the Bible: Historische und literarische Wechselwirkungen zwischen biblischen und samaritanischen Traditionen / Historical and Literary Interactions between Biblical and Samaritan TraditionsedJörg Frey, Ursula Schattner-Rieser, and Konrad Schmid (Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2012), pp. 157-179. 

Aleksander og samaritanerne hos Josefus og i samaritanske kilder, in Jerusalem, Samaria og jordens enderBibeltolkninger tilegnet Magnar Kartveit, 65 år, 7. oktober 2011edKnut Holter and Jostein Ådna (Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press, 2011), pp. 81–98. 

The Mosaic Tabernacle as the Only Legitimate Sanctuary: The Biblical Tabernacle in Samaritanism, in The Temple of Jerusalem: From Moses to the Messiah: In Honor of Professor Louis H. Feldmann, ed. Steven Fine (New York: Brill, 2011), pp. 125-150. 

Samaritanism – A Jewish Sect or an Independent Form of Yahwism?, in Samaritans: Past and Present: Current Studies, ed. Menachem Mor and Friedrich V. Reiterer (Studia Judaica 53, Studia Samaritana 5; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2010), pp. 1-24. 

The Samaritans and Their Pentateuch, in The Pentateuch as Torah: New Models for Understanding Its Promulgation and Acceptance, ed. G. N. Knoppers and B. M. Levinson (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007), pp. 237-269. 

The Rabbis and Samaritan Circumcision, in Feasts & Fasts: A Festschrift in Honour of Alan David Crown, ed. Marianne Dacy, Jennifer Dowling and Suzanne Faigan (Mandelbaum Studies in Judaica 11; University of Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing, 2005), pp. 31-40. 

The Samaritans in Damascus, in Samaritan, Hebrew and Aramaic Studies Presented to Professor Abraham Tal, ed. Moshe Bar-Asher and Moshe Florentin (Jerusalem: The Bialik Institute, 2005), pp. 53*-76*. 

Foot-Soldiers of the Byzantines or Spies for the Muslims? The Role of the Samaritans in the Muslim Conquest of Palestine, in Biblical and Near Eastern Essays: Studies in Honour of Kevin J. Cathcart, ed. Carmel McCarthy and John F. Healey (Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Supplement Series 375; London; New York: T & T Clark, 2004), pp. 280-296. 

The Samaritan Ketuba and Deed of Divorce, in The Samaritans, ed. Ephraim Stern and Hanan Eshel (Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi Press, 2002), pp. 648-660 (in Hebrew). 

Samaritanism in Caesarea Maritima, in Religious Rivalries and the Struggle for Success in Caesarea Maritima, ed. T.L. Donaldson (Studies in Christianity and Judaism/Études sur le christianisme et le judaïsme 8; Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000), pp. 181-202. 

Samaritan Synagogues and Jewish Synagogues: Similarities and Differences, in Jews, Christians, and Polytheists in the Ancient Synagogue: Cultural interaction during the Greco-Roman Period, ed. Steven Fine (London and New York: Routledge, 1999), pp. 118-160. 

The Samaritans in Egypt, in Études sémitiques et samaritaines offertes à Jean Margain. Ed. C.-B. Amphoux, A. Frey, U. Schattner-Rieser (Histoire du texte biblique 4; Lausanne: Zèbre, 1998), pp. 213-232. 

Samaritan Marriage Contracts and Deeds of Divorce, in New Samaritan Studies of the Société dÉtudes Samaritaines, ed. A.D. Crown and L. Davey (Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing, 1996), pp. 529-550. 

The Samareitikon Revisited, in New Samaritan Studies of the Société dÉtudes Samaritaines, ed. A.D. Crown and L. Davey (Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing, 1996), pp. 381-455. 

Einführung in den Stand der Samaritanerforschung, in Die Samaritaner, ed. F. Dexinger and R. Pummer (Wege der Forschung 604; Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1992), pp. 1-66. 

Were There Samaritan-Christian Churches? in Proceedings of the First International Congress of the Société dÉtudes Samaritaines, Tel-Aviv, April 11-13, 1988, ed. A. Tal and M. Florentin (Tel-Aviv: Chaim Rosenberg School for Jewish Studies, Tel-Aviv University, 1991), pp. 123-138. 

Samaritan Material Remains and Archaeology, in The Samaritans, ed. A.D. Crown (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1989), pp. 135-177. 

Inscriptions, in The Samaritans, ed. A.D. Crown (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1989), pp. 190-194. 

Samaritan Rituals and Customs, in The Samaritans, ed. A.D. Crown (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1989), pp. 650-690. 

Nablus und Tel Aviv  Tradition und Moderne, in Geisteshaltung und Umwelt: Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Manfred Büttnered. W. Kreisel (Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der Geowissenschaften und Religion/Umwelt-Forschung 1; Aachen: Alano-Verlag, 1988), pp. 405-414. 

Aspects of Modern Samaritan Research, in History of Religions: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions (Lancaster, 15-22 August 1975), ed. Michael Pye and Peter McKenzie (Leicester Studies in Religion 2; Leicester, England: Department of Religion, University of Leicester, 1980), pp. 87-88. 


Journal Articles (Peer Reviewed) 

“What Was the Meaning and Purpose of Amulets with Samaritan Writing in the Byzantine Period?” Revue Biblique 127 (2020) 82–104. 

“Samaritan Ethnicity in Josephus: Rhetoric and Historicity.” Judaïsme ancien / Ancient Judaism 7 (2020) 45–73. 

“Samaritans, Galileans, and Judeans in Josephus and the Gospel of John.” Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 18 (2020) 77–99. 

Was There an Altar or a Temple in the Sacred Precinct on Mt. Gerizim? Journal for the Study of Judaism 47 (2016) 1-21. 

The Samaritans in Recent Research. pum398030.shtml. December 2015. 

The Tabernacle in the Samaritan Tradition. Theoforum37 (2006) 45-64. 

Die Samaritaner heute.Mitteilungen und Beiträge der Forschungsstelle Judentum – Theologische Fakultät Leipzig 15/16 (1999) 66-86. 

The Greek Bible and the Samaritans.Revue des études juives157 (1998) 269-358. 

Samaritan Tabernacle Drawings.Numen 45 (1998) 30-68. 

A Samaritan Manuscript in McGill University.Fontanus 5 (1992) 161-172. 

Samaritan Amulets from the Roman-Byzantine Period and their Wearers.Revue Biblique 94 (1987) 251-263. 

A Note on Theodotus and Homer. With M. Roussel. Journal for the Study of Judaism 13 (1983) 177-182. 

Genesis 34 in Jewish Writings of the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. Harvard Theological Review 75 (1982) 177-188. 

The Samaritan Manuscripts of the Chester Beatty Library.Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 68 (1979) 66-75. Reprinted in Proceedings of the Irish Biblical Association 6 (1982) 103-115. 

Antisamaritanische Polemik in jüdischen Schriften aus der intertestamentarischen Zeit.Biblische Zeitschrift 26 (1982) 224-242. 

New Evidence for Samaritan Christianity? The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 41 (1979) 98-117. 

Samaritan Manuscripts in Toronto.Revue de lUniversité dOttawa 46 (1976) 345-363. 

The Present State of Samaritan Studies. Journal of Semitic Studies 21 (1976) 39-61; 22 (1977) 27-47. 

Recent Publications on the Methodology of the Science of Religion. Numen 22 (1975) 161-182. 

Religionswissenschaft or Religiology? Numen 19 (1972) 91-122. 


Encyclopedia, Dictionary, and Reference Entries 

Religion, Samaritan.” IThe Encyclopedia of Ancient History, ed. Roger S. Bagnall (Malden, MA: John Wiley-Blackwell, 2019). [Also available online] 

“Samaria.” In The Encyclopedia of Ancient History, ed. Roger S. Bagnall (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2019). [Also available online]. 

Multiple entries in Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity (ed. Oliver Nicholson; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018): “Baba Rabba,” 191; “Gerizim, Mt.,” 660; “Justasas,” 845; “Neapolis,” 1064-65; “Sebaste,” 1396; “Theodore,” 1477. 

“Samaria/Samaritans.” IOxford Bibliographies: “Biblical Studies”. 2nd version. New York: Oxford University Press, 30 June 2017. Ed. Christopher R. Matt; 

Gerizim, Mount. II. Christianity. In Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, Vol. 10, ed. Dale C. Allison, Jr. et al. (Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2015), 116-117[Also available as Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception Online]. 

 Samaria/Samaritans. In Oxford Bibliographies: Biblical Studies. 1st version. New York: Oxford University Press, October 10, 2013. Ed. Christopher R. Matt. 

 Religion, Samaritan. IThe Encyclopedia of Ancient History, ed. Robert S. Bagnall (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013), pp. 5796-5798. [Also available online] 

“Samaria.” In The Encyclopedia of Ancient History, ed. Roger S. Bagnall (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2019), 6025-6027. [Also available online]. 

Multiple entries in The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism, ed. John J. Collins and Daniel C. Harlow (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010): Mt. Gerizim, 675-676; Samaria, 1181-1184; Samaritanism, 1186-188; Samaritan Pentateuch, 1189-1190. 

Samaritans. In Encyclopedia of Religion, Second Edition, ed. Lindsay Jones, Vol. 12 (Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005), pp. 8067-8071. 

Samaritans, In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 469-472. 


Book Reviews 

Robert T. Anderson and T. Giles The Samaritan Pentateuch: An Introduction to Its Origin, History, and Significance for Biblical Studies (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2005). In Review of Biblical Literature, 2013.05.01, 

József Zsengellér, ed. Samaria, Samarians, Samaritans: Studies on Bible, History and Linguistics (Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2011). In Theologische Literaturzeitung 137 (2012) 1044–46. 

 Magnar Kartveit, The Origin of the Samaritans (Leiden: Brill, 2019). In Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 12 (2012) 

 Robert T. Anderson and Terry Giles, Tradition Kept: The Literature of the Samaritans (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2005). In Theoforum 36 (2005) 351–353. 

Robert T. Anderson and T. Giles, The Keepers: An Introduction to the History and Culture of the Samaritans (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2002). In AJS [Association of Jewish Studies] Review 28 (2004) 351–352. 

 Alan D. Crown, Samaritan Scribes and Manuscripts (Tübingen:J.C.B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 2001. In Journal for the Study of Judaism 34 (2003) 318–320. 

J. Zangenberg, SAMAREIA: Antike Quellen zur Geschichte und Kultur der Samaritaner in deutscher Übersetzung (Tübingen; Basel: Francke, 1994). In Journal of Biblical Literature 115 (1996) 567-570, and in Religious Studies Review 23 (1997) 87. 

Jean-Daniel Macchi, Les samartains: Histoire dune légende (Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1994). In Hebrew Studies 36 (1995) 212–215. 

 Rita Egger, Josephus Flavius und die Samaritaner (Freiburg, Switzerland: Universitätsverlag, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1986). In Journal of Biblical Literature 107 (1988) 768–772. 

Theodore Mullen, The Assembly of the Gods (Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1980). In Journal of Comparative Sociology and Religion 8 and 9 (1981 and 1982) 76–79. 

Simeon Lowy, The Principles of Samaritan Bible Exegesis (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1977). In Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1982) 186–187. 

Review of Abraham Tal, ed. The Samaritan Targum of the Pentateuch, Vol. I (Genesis - Exodus) (Tel Aviv: Tel-Aviv University, 1980). In Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (1981) 447–48. 

Stanley Jerome Isser, The Dositheans (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976). In Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1979) 388–89. 

Alfred Rupp, Religion, Phänomen und Geschichte (Saarbrücken: Homo et Religio – Verlag der Forschungsgruppe für Anthropologie und Religionsgeschichte, 1978). In Journal of Comparative Sociology and Religion / Bulletin de Sociologie et de Religion Comparées 6 and 7 (1979 and 1980) 234–37. 

Richard J. Coggins, Samarians and Jews (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1975). In Journal of Semitic Studies 23 (1978) 125–27. 

Eric J. Sharpe, Comparative Religion: A History (London: Duckworth, 197). In Journal of Comparative Sociology 4 and 5 (1977 and 1978) 108–9. 

 Heinz Robert Schlette, Einführung in das Studium der Religionen (Freiburg: Rombach, 1971). In Kairos 16 (1974) 143–147. 


Fields of Interest

  • History of religions
  • Samaritanism
  • Judaism
  • Methodology of history of religions
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