Cours à thèmes variables: 2020-2021

Voir Automne 2020 ou Hiver 2021

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Automne / Autumn 2020

Musée d’antiquités gréco-romaines

[Pots du Musée d’antiquités gréco-romaines]

CLA | HIS 3110 Topics in Ancient History I (Professor: TBA)

Roman Women

A survey of the evidence in the written sources, archaeological record and visual arts for the roles and potential rights of women in ancient Rome: Lecture topics include paradigms of female virtue in Archaic and Republican Rome, women and party politics in late Republican Rome, the arrogation of power to and imaging of aristocratic women in Imperial times, literary genres and female stereotypes, women as social patrons and patrons of the arts, the Roman family and Roman marriage.

CLA | HIS 3510 | MDV 3500 Thèmes choisis en histoire ancienne (Professeure: M.-P. Bussières)

L’Histoire Auguste

L’Histoire Auguste est un recueil de biographies d’empereurs, de césars et d’usurpateurs des 2e et 3e siècles, d’Hadrien (117) à Carin (285). Cette œuvre présente un intérêt tant historique que littéraire, puisque d’une part il s’agit de la source historique latine la plus abondante pour la période qui va de la mort de Commode jusqu’à la tétrarchie de Dioclétien, et que d’autre part elle offre plusieurs niveaux de lecture qui, selon l’heureuse formule de François Paschoud, recréent « un passé semblable au présent ». En effet, l’auteur semble avoir inventé beaucoup des faits qu’il rapporte, notamment afin de critiquer ou louer, en transparence, des empereurs du 4e siècle, plus près de son époque, en tissant en filigrane des événements calqués sur ceux qu’il rapporte. Les biographies se lisent dès lors comme des exemples ou contre-exemples, devant servir d’exhortations à l’adresse du pouvoir, une forme narrative appelée à une bonne fortune au Moyen âge et à la Renaissance.

CLA | HIS 4150 Ancient History Seminar (Professor: TBA)

The World of Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar is arguably the most well-known figure from the ancient world. Along with conquering the Roman Empire and having an affair with Kleopatra VII, a entire month is named after him, and his basic principles for the calendar and time reckoning are now in use around the globe. Modern literature has characterised him as everything from the world’s first socialist dictator to an ancient Donald Trump; one work even claims that Caesar and Christ are the same person. Yet the historical Julius Caesar is a significantly more nuanced, complex, and enigmatic figure. Although he was willing to sacrifice wealth, break any law, and ignore custom to achieve his goals, he was also the pinnacle of traditional Roman elite male: a warrior general who displayed equal amounts of virtus on the battlefield as in the political arena. At the same time, he deeply questioned and ultimately destroyed the system which thrust him into power; even after establishing Rome as a Hellenistic style monarchy, economic recovery and an expansion of privilege beyond the traditional elites were at the heart of his reforms. Moreover, Caesar was himself a prolific writer, and his war commentaries are famous even today. Yet these were largely tools for self-promotion meant for public consumption. His lesser known works on the other hand - his poetry, speeches, and a book on grammar - are often allegorical for both his political views as well as his larger vision for the Roman Republic. Focussing in particular on these minor writings, this course aims to engage with the abundant contemporary source material in order to deconstruct a man who shaped and was shaped by one of the most historically significant times in world history.

CLA 4151 Latin Literature (Professor: TBA)

The poetry of Ovid

The Roman poet Ovid (43 B.C.–A.D. 17) is most famous for his poem The Metamorphoses, a treasury of stories about such figures as Apollo and Daphne, Pyramus and Thisbe and Pygmalion that became the standard handbook of Classical mythology for the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. He was also the author of playful love poems that charmed his contemporaries and a humorous how-to manual of seduction that earned him the wrath of the Emperor Augustus and possibly contributed to his exile to the coast of the Black Sea. His poetry inspired countless authors, artists and musicians from Bernini to Bernard Shaw. This course will explore Ovid's poetry and poetic techniques, the portrait he paints of Rome and its society, and readings and reinterpretations of his work in later centuries.

CLA 4551 Séminaire en littérature ancienne en traduction (Professeure: M.-P. Bussières)

L’épopée, d’Homère au VIe siècle de notre ère

Les épopées homériques ont influencé les genres narratifs de manière durable dans l’Antiquité. Le genre épique devient le genre noble par excellence, et cette élévation a été tantôt imitée, tantôt parodiée. Les auteurs anciens n’avaient pas de scrupule à réinterpréter mythes et événements selon des modèles adaptés à leurs préoccupations. De l’Iliade à la Thébaïde, en passant par l’Odyssée, la Batrachomyomachie, Les argonautiques, l’Énéide, la Guerre civile, l’Achilléïde, la Guerre punique, et L’enlèvement de Proserpine, ce cours examinera les réinventions de l’épopée sur presque un millénaire de littérature. Toutes les œuvres sont en traduction.


Hiver/ Winter 2021

CLA | HIS 3110 | MDV 3100 Topics in Ancient History I (Professor: G. Greatrex )

The Byzantine Empire

The course will take as its theme the eastern part of the Roman empire, commonly known as ‘Byzantine’, and trace its evolution from the fourth century to the fifteenth. Given the large field to be covered, we shall go into depth only on certain central issues, e.g. the role of orthodoxy in shaping the Byzantine identity and the iconoclast controversy, the administration and elites of the empire, its literature (and role in preserving classical works), its art and its diplomatic role (and relations with the West and the Islamic states). Inevitably, certain periods and emperors will attract more attention than others, e.g. those of Constantine, Justinian, Heraclius, Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Basil II and the Comnenian dynasty.

CLA 3530 Thèmes choisis en littérature grecque et latine en traduction (Professeure: M.-P. Bussières)

L’Antiquité au cinéma

Une certaine lecture des textes anciens a inspiré un ensemble de clichés narratifs au cinéma dont nous avons beaucoup de mal à nous défaire : la liberté démocratique grecque contre la tyrannie, le triomphe des héros solitaires sculptés comme des dieux de bronze, le règne des empereurs romains cyclothymiques… Il ne s’agira pas dans ce cours de nous intéresser à l’exactitude historique des représentations matérielles, mais à la manière narrative dont l’Occident du 20e siècle et du début du 21e siècle a habillé ses valeurs du pallium et de la toge. Nous lirons dans ce cours des textes d’auteurs anciens (en traduction) et regarderons en parallèle des films traitant de lieux communs similaires.

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