Béatrice CRAIG


Béatrice CRAIG
Authorized to supervise theses. and Full Professor, Department of Philosophy

1983 – PhD History, University of Maine
1975 - ML, American Studies, University of Lille III
1973 - LL, English Literature, University of Lille III

Desmarais Building
55 Laurier Avenue East, Room 9105
Office Hours: Tuesday 9:15 - 11:15

Office: 613-562-5800 ext. 1306

Work E-mail: bcraig@uOttawa.ca

Béatrice Craig



Other Courses Taught

(in rotation)
  • HIS2182 Women in Canada
  • HIS2362 British North America
  • HIS2391 History and Theory
  • HIS2184 Women in the Western World since 1750
  • HIS2182 Women in Canada
  • HIS2583 Les femmes dans le monde Occidental jusqu’en 1750
  • HIS2584 Les femmes dans le monde Occidental depuis 1750
  • HIS4182 Seminar in Women’s History (Were there ever separate spheres? Women and Gender roles in the 18th and 19th century)
  • HIS4535 Séminaire en histoire du Canadas (Les Acadiens entre déportation et multiculturalisme)
  • HIS7131 Seminar in Women’s History (Women. Gender and Consumption in western societies, eighteenth to twentieth century)
Fields of Interest

Broadly speaking, I am interested in the socio-economic and socio-cultural impacts of the emergence of industrial capitalism on Atlantic societies. My research falls under two headings:

  • Economic and social transformations of eastern Canadian rural society in the late eighteenth and in the nineteenth century, particularly changes in patterns of consumption This research privileges comparative and transnational approaches.
  • Evolving roles of middle class women in northern France before, during and in the aftermath of the industrial revolution (1750-1914).


Ongoing Research

  • Pewter dishes and chamber Pots: Was there a “consumer revolution” in Pre-Confederation Eastern Canada (1765-1865)?: An investigation of the relationship between consumption patterns, evolving social structures, and political ideology in Quebec and New Brunswick in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century.(supported by a SSHRC grant)


Selected Publications

Canadian History

(Books and Collections):


(Other Works):

  • “Le Madawaska entre marche et région frontalière au 19ème siècle,” Acadiensis (forthcoming)
  • “Immigrants in a frontier community, 1785-1850, updated version of text published in Histoire sociale-Social History, November 1986. In Maine Franco American history- Seventeenth to twentieth century, edited by Barry Rodrigue and Nelson Madore. Augusta, Me: Tillbury Press, 2007.
  • Farm transmission and the commercialization of agriculture in northern Maine in the second half of the nineteenth century,” History of the Family, an International Quarterly 10 (2005): 327-344.
  • "Before Borderlands:  Yankees, British, and the St John Valley French." In New England and the Maritime Provinces: Connections and Comparisons, edited by Stephen J. Hornsby and John G. Reid, 74-93. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005.
  • Entrepôt de l’Empire : Le magasin général rural au milieu du XIXe siècle,” In Familles, terre et marchés, logiques économiques et stratégies dans les milieux ruraux (XVIIe-XXe ), edited by G .Beaur, Christian Dessureault et Joseph Goy, 33-46. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2004.
  • “Y-eut-il une ‘révolution industrieuse’ en Amérique du nord?” In Dans La famille, la terre et l’ argent, edited by John Dickinson et Christian Dessureault, 33-48. Montreal: Septentrion, 2003.
  • “Solder les comptes : les sources de crédits dans les magasins généraux ruraux de l’est canadien au milieu du XIXe siècle,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 13 (2003): 23-47.
  • “Farm transmission and the commercialization of agriculture in northern Maine in the second half of the nineteenth century,” History of the Family, an international Quarterly 10 (2002): 327-344.                                          
  • With J. Rygiel et Elizabeth Turcotte “The Homespun paradox: Market-oriented production of cloth in Eastern Canada in the nineteenth century,” Agricultural History (US) 76 (2002): 28-57.
  • With J. Rygiel et Elizabeth Turcotte, “Survival or adaptation? Domestic rural textile production in eastern Canada in the Nineteenth century,” Agricultural History Review (U.K.) 49, Part II (2001): 140-171.


(Works in Women’s History):

  • “When Generation Trumped Sex: Gender Norms And The Transmission Of Family Business In Nineteenth Century Northern France.” InThe Transmission of well-being. Gendered Marriage Strategies and Inheritance Systems in Europe (17th-20th Centuries), edited by Antoinette Fauve-Chamoux, Llorenc Ferrer-Alos, Jan Kok, Marco Van Leeuwen, and Margarida Durães, 183-200. Bern: Peter Lang, 2009.
  • “Catholic and Malthusian: The Entrepreneurs of Tourcoing in the Nineteenth Century,” in “Geburtenbeschränkung in historischer Perspektive“, special issue of Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, edited by Rolf Gehrmann 32, 2 (2007): 160-186.
  • “Patrons mauvais genre: Femmes et entreprises à Tourcoing au XIXe siècle,” Histoire sociale - Sociale History 34 (2002): 331-354.
  • “Petites bourgeoises or penny capitalists? Female retailers in Northern France in the Nineteenth century,” Enterprise and Society 2 (2001): 198-224.


  • “Settling the Upper St. John.” In Historical Atlas of Maine, edited by Stephen J. Hornsby and Richard W. Judd, Plate 27. Orono, Me: University of Maine Press, 2014.
  • “Une terre promise pour tous : Le Madawaska de 1785 a 1870.” In Atlas historique de la francophonie américaine, edited by Yves Frenette et Marc Saint Hilaire, 73-77. Québec: Presses de l’université Laval, 2013.
  •  “Agricultural settlements, 1750-1850", “Acadian village", “New England Acadians" essays in Encyclopedia of New England Culture,24-26;  344-45; 1462. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2005.


Awards and achievements

Backwoods Consumers and Homespun Capitalists: The Rise of a Market Culture in Eastern Canada. University of Toronto Press, 2009 won the Clio Prize, Atlantic Canada 2010 for the best book in the history of the Atlantic region awarded by the Canadian historical association, the Sir John A. Macdonald Prize (2010) for the best book in Canadian history awarded by the Canadian historical association and the Prix Lionel-Groulx  -Fondation Yves Saint-Germain 2010, pour le meilleur livre sur l’histoire de l’Amérique française, décerné par l’Institut d’histoire de l’Amérique française, and was one of five finalists for the 2015 Fs.X Garneau medal which This prize is given every five years.honours an outstanding Canadian contribution to historical research.

  • Prix Hilda Neatby 1999, Société historique du Canada pour «Salaires, niveaux de vie et travail féminin dans l’arrondissement de Lille au XIXe siècle.» Annales canadiennes d’histoire, XXXIII (août 1998), 215-248.  
  • Honorary doctorate, granted by the University of Maine (Fort Kent Campus) (1995)
  • Citation from the Maine State Legislature, for work done on the history of the St John Valley (1995)

Fields of Interest

  • Changes in women's roles in northern France during and immediately after the Industrial Revolution
  • Economic and social transformations of eastern Canadian rural society in the late eighteenth and in the nineteenth century
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